History Timeline

History Timeline

1182 Lancashire becomes a County

It was poor and sparsely populated.

1346 - 53 Black Death

1346 - 53 Black Death

1351 Henry of Grosmont was created the 1st Duke of Lancaster.

His daughter married John of Gaunt.

1529 The chapel of our Blessed Lady was built in Goldshaw.

(This Chapel was built in the village that would become Newchurch) It was in the Diocese of Lichfield. Johannes Speche was the first curate. (He was not a Vicar).

1532 Wilielmus Salter became the curate. Obedient to the Chapter of Whalley Abbey, Dom Wilielmus was a Dominican.

Wilielmus Salter became the curate. Obedient to the Chapter of Whalley Abbey, Dom Wilielmus was a Dominican.

1536 Dissolution of the monasteries

Dissolution of the monasteries begins and continues until 1540. 560 monasteries and religious houses destroyed. Pilgrimage of Grace.

1536 Dissolution of the monasteries

Dissolution of the monasteries begins and continues until 1540. 560 monasteries and religious houses destroyed. Pilgrimage of Grace.

1537 St Mary's & The Pilgrimage of Grace

John Paslew the last Abbot of Whalley was involved in the Pilgrimage of Grace. He was tried at Lancaster and executed at Whalley

1544 St Mary's

1st October 1544 Bishop John Bird dedicated. The chapel in honour of the Virgin Mary and was no longer governed by Whalley Abbey. The only part of this chapel remaining today is the lower section of the tower.

1544 St Mary's

1st October 1544 Bishop John Bird dedicated. The chapel in honour of the Virgin Mary and was no longer governed by Whalley Abbey. The only part of this chapel remaining today is the lower section of the tower.

1559 The Book of Common Prayer became the only legal form of worship

The Book of Common Prayer is still used in St. Mary’s Church today.

1559 The Book of Common Prayer became the only legal form of worship

The Book of Common Prayer is still used in St. Mary’s Church today.

1597 James VI of Scotland wrote a book called Deamonologie

It begins "The fearefull aboundinge at this time in this countrie, of these detestable slaves of the Devil, the Witches or enchaunters, hath moved me (beloved reader) to dispatch in post, this following treatise of mine (...) to resolve the doubting (...) both that such assaults of Satan are most certainly practised, and that the instrument thereof merits most severely to be punished."

1603 James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England

England, Scotland and Ireland are united for the first time.

1603 James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England

England, Scotland and Ireland are united for the first time.

1611 St Mary's

Johan Town left, so no curate for 9 years

1611 St Mary's

Johan Town left, so no curate for 9 years

1612 Pendle Witch Trials

Bones stolen from St. Mary’s church yard found at Malkin Tower. Alice Nutter and 9 others were executed at Lancaster Castle.

1702 Queen Anne

1740 Church Plaque

Above the blocked in door way on the south wall is a plaque showing the names of Church Wardens Richard and John Broughton, Robart Wilkinson, Matthew Crook. Masons: George John Thomas Varley and John Stephenson

1746 William Nabbs of Newchurch in Pendle

Pendle had been cited on the consistory court at Chester for ‘Enormities’, which included ‘quarrelling and brawling, smiting and laying violent hands upon Edm(un)d Starkie of Gisburn in ye sd Chapell.’ (Albers ‘Seeds of Contention’, pp 264-5.) It is interesting to note that Nabbs’ offence was as much a violation of canon as it was common law, a 16th C statute having made brawling upon church premises presentable before the ecclesiastical courts, and an assault made by a clergyman punishable by suspension.

1746 William Nabbs of Newchurch in Pendle

Pendle had been cited on the consistory court at Chester for ‘Enormities’, which included ‘quarrelling and brawling, smiting and laying violent hands upon Edm(un)d Starkie of Gisburn in ye sd Chapell.’ (Albers ‘Seeds of Contention’, pp 264-5.) It is interesting to note that Nabbs’ offence was as much a violation of canon as it was common law, a 16th C statute having made brawling upon church premises presentable before the ecclesiastical courts, and an assault made by a clergyman punishable by suspension.

1753 Marriage Act

In 1753, however, the Marriage Act, promoted by the Lord Chancellor, Lord Hardwicke, declared that all marriage ceremonies must be conducted by a minister in a parish church or chapel of the Church of England to be legally binding. Penalty for ministers who broke this law was transportation

1753 Marriage Act

In 1753, however, the Marriage Act, promoted by the Lord Chancellor, Lord Hardwicke, declared that all marriage ceremonies must be conducted by a minister in a parish church or chapel of the Church of England to be legally binding. Penalty for ministers who broke this law was transportation

1815 St Mary's

The walls of the nave were raised to allow the building of the gallery at a cost of £352. Access to the gallery was through a doorway in the north wall

1815 St Mary's

The walls of the nave were raised to allow the building of the gallery at a cost of £352. Access to the gallery was through a doorway in the north wall

1821 Bishop of Chester

Dr Law Bishop of Chester required “dry rushes to be procured for ye bottom of ye pews” (BW)

1821 Bishop of Chester

Dr Law Bishop of Chester required “dry rushes to be procured for ye bottom of ye pews” (BW)

1830 The bell was installed.

John Swinglehurst was buried in St. Mary’s Church yard after a Consistory Court involving the Bannister’s of Park Hill (Pendle Heritage Centre). A plaque can be seen in St. Bartholomew’s Church, Colne

1830 The bell was installed.

John Swinglehurst was buried in St. Mary’s Church yard after a Consistory Court involving the Bannister’s of Park Hill (Pendle Heritage Centre). A plaque can be seen in St. Bartholomew’s Church, Colne

1854 St Mary's

Further restoration and possible blocking of gallery door and removal of the access.

1854 St Mary's

Further restoration and possible blocking of gallery door and removal of the access.

1890 St Mary's

1890 - dedication of the organ built by Messrs Wordsworth & Co of Leeds, with 2 full manuals, a 12-stop swell, an 8-stop great organ, a 2-stop pedal organ and 5 couplers. A magnificent organ for a small church.

1890 St Mary's

1890 - dedication of the organ built by Messrs Wordsworth & Co of Leeds, with 2 full manuals, a 12-stop swell, an 8-stop great organ, a 2-stop pedal organ and 5 couplers. A magnificent organ for a small church.

1901 St Mary's

The old organ was sold for £18 to Barley Primitive Methodists Church and played by a fourteen year old by, Maurice Smith. Maurice came to play the organ at St. Marys’ when he was 15 and played for 59 years.

1902 Restoration Bolland

See dedication hung on north wall

1902 Restoration Bolland

See dedication hung on north wall

1936 Edward VIII becomes King.

Jarrow March. Edward VIII abdicates to marry. Wallace Simpson

1936 Edward VIII becomes King.

Jarrow March. Edward VIII abdicates to marry. Wallace Simpson

1952 Elizabeth II becomes Queen

First televised coronation (BBC)

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